Stem cell Biotechnology
Stem cells are unique cells found in multicellular organisms with an ability to differentiate to different biological cells through mitosis. In mammals they are broadly into embryonic stem cells and somatic stem cells which help in repairing and regenerating damaged tissues. Due to their potency and self-renewal capacity they can differentiate into any type of body cells. Thus stem cell biotechnology can be defined as the field of biotechnology that develops tools and therapeutics for many untreatable diseases through cellular replacement and tissue engineering of stem cells. Regenerative medicine is the main application which repairs and restores damaged tissues.