Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biotechnology
Genetic engineering also called as genetic modification is an exciting field of changing the genetic makeup of gene by direct manipulation with the use of biotechnology. Novel or improved organisms can be produced either by transferring the genes within or across various species. Molecular biotechnology is a combination of many areas of research, such as molecular biology, microbiology, immunology, genetics, and cell biology. The tools of molecular biotechnology are applied in developing new vaccines, drugs and diagnostic therapies. They also play a key role in plant and agriculture, aquaculture, forestry and food industries.